Benefits we Gain from Stem Cell Research
Stem cells play an important role in regenerative medicine. This is due to their critical role in the treatment of many complex diseases and injuries. This matter of stem cell research offers both so much promise, and so much controversy.
Stem cells are special cells in our bodies, which can change into different types of cells, like muscle cells, organ cells, as well as brain cells. There are two types of these cells, the embryonic stem cells, and adult stem cells. The embryonic stem cells come from unused human embryos, and are mostly used for research. The embryos shall be made through in vitro fertilization. You shall see them change into many different types of cells. Adult stem cells, on the other hand, can only become one of two types. They are gotten from fully developed tissue, sources being the bone marrow, skin, and brain.
After realizing stem cells can become other cells, stem cell therapy was developed to tap into that potential, and use them to replace damaged or dysfunctional cells in tissue or organs. Here are cases that show what potential stem cell therapy holds.
If your corneas were damaged before, you can have them repaired. Stem cells shall be harvested from the limbus, that area of the eye between the iris and sclera. These will be multiplied in the lab thereafter. After they reach a good number, they can be transplanted back onto the damaged eye, thus restoring the patient’s sight.
Skin replacement after a life-threatening burn is now possible. Skin stem cells shall be applied in the development of new skin, which will, in turn, be used to cover those areas that had lost skin in the burn. Research is being done to see how the new skin can be developed to have hair, sweat glands, and oil glands.
Stem cells have also proven beneficial in eliminating the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. In cases where the dopamine-producing regions of your brain have their neurons damaged, you will suffer tremors, slow movement, the rigidity of the limbs, balance and gait issues, alterations in their speech and writing. Through stem cells regeneration, there shall be new dopamine-inducing neurons to replace the damaged ones.
Chemotherapy, while ideal for treating cancer, shall destroy even your stem cells. Once you finish your regimen, you need to have those cells reintroduced into your system. They will go to the bone marrow, to grow and develop into healthy blood cells.
There are even more areas where stem cell therapy is beneficial, such as for treating the damage heart complications like heart attacks cause. These examples go to show why support for stem cell research is necessary. You may learn more about the matter on this site.
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